This study documents the results to which the World Bank's Multi-Country AIDS Program (MAP) financing in Africa has contributed over the last five years ( What has the MAP achieved? ). It uses extensive and detailed data from surveys and national HIV and AIDS programs from 30 MAP countries that are not usually publicly available or captured in routine World Bank reporting systems. It introduces a new Results Scorecard and Framework for better measuring and reporting on results of Bank-financed HIV/AIDS programs in Africa in the future. The book shows that the MAP has dramatically increased access to HIV prevention, care and treatment across Africa. MAP funding has supported children orphaned by AIDS, prevented mother-to-child transmission, helped countries build capacity for scaled up, more effective national responses to HIV and AIDS, including providing treatment. Regional programs are addressing cross-border issues and countries are sharing knowledge and experiences. A unique feature of the MAP is its emphasis on channeling money to communities, grass-roots initiatives, civil-society organizations and NGOs; [ten /fifteen] personal stories from people and groups in Uganda, Ethiopia and Rwanda offer powerful examples of how the MAP has improved health and lives, reduced stigma, and given new hope to people infected and affected by HIV across the continent.